6 Tips, Children prevention influenza in the winter
Winter, is a multi-influenza season. Influenza, is caused by the pandemic virus of acute respiratory diseases. Children are susceptible influenza, of which 2 to 4-year-old first entered the kindergarten children are at high risk of influenza, 5 ~ 7 years of age are high incidence of influenza age group, infection rates can be more than 50% more than adults, 1.5 ~ 3 times. Therefore, for children in terms of prevention of influenza, even heavier. Here are a few strokes to prevent a flow of operation:
1. Influenza vaccine inoculation
The characteristics of influenza virus is the most frequent mutation is more, it has so far not effectively controlled and cured. Therefore, the key to dealing with the prevention of influenza, while preventing the most simple and effective way is the influenza vaccine inoculation. Influenza vaccine for the protection of the human body up to 70% ~ 90%, even after suffering from influenza vaccination, but also can reduce their symptoms and reduce the chance of complications. Baby is a major influenza vaccine inoculation object. Over the age of three baby vaccinated once only dose of 0.5 ml; 3 years of age Zexu inoculated two times, each time 0.25 milliliters. Northern areas the best time for vaccination of influenza vaccine is 10 to 12 months, the southern region is generally October to February the following year. 7 ~ 15 days after injection in order to produce protective antibodies, we must take preventive measures, ahead of the arrival of influenza vaccination during the first half. There are many types of influenza virus, currently used influenza seedlings, the World Health Organization recommended after forecasts can only be prevented A-I, A-III, and three kinds of influenza B strains, for other no preventive effect of strain, the same for other viruses and bacteria caused by the common cold and no preventive effect.
TIPs: should pay attention to is in the acute infection, fever and chronic active stage of the baby, eating eggs, baby will be allergic to prohibit the use of influenza vaccine.
2. Maintain good indoor ventilation and humidity
Research shows that when the indoor air humidity below 40%, the human respiratory system dry, cilia movement is slow, the dust easily attached to the mucosa, causing coughing and throat irritation, the human respiratory system resistance will decline, induced, and increased respiration system diseases. Therefore, maintaining a healthy indoor environment humidity, can effectively inhibit bacteria, virus propagation, reducing the incidence of influenza and other diseases and spread, parents can use humidifiers, plants and other methods of humidification. In addition, the timing window ventilation is an important part of prevention of influenza. 1 per room ventilation can remove harmful gases in indoor air of 60% of the original. Window ventilation should be several times a day (in winter to avoid the draft), keeping indoor air fresh.
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