Common mental crisis and psychological crisis intervention
1. Somatic diseases, the psychological reactions:
1). The psychological response to acute illness is as follows:
Anxiety, the patient nervous, anxiety, insecurity. In severe cases, felt doom, associated with autonomic symptoms such as dizziness, palpitations, sweating, tremor, nausea and frequent urine, etc., and may have signs of sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity, such as high blood pressure, heart rate, facial flushing or pale, sweating, skin, chills, face and other parts of the muscle tension and so on.
Fear, the patient's own illness, worries and concerns to feel lighter in weight from panicked.
Depression, due to psychological stress can lead to depression, despair, things are not interested in the outside world, language less and are unwilling to communicate with others, do not think of food, serious suicidal ideas or behavior.
2). Psychological reaction of chronic diseases:
Depression, the majority of depressed mood depression, particularly in patients prone to introverted type of psychological reaction. Can generate the idea of pessimism and even suicidal ideas or behavior.
Personality changes, such as always to blame others, blame the doctor did not elaborate treatment, heart care not entirely blame the family and so on, often a result of deliberate fault, and minor rage. Aspects of their body is quite sensitive to small changes, and often make excessive demands for treatment or care, doctor-patient relationship and it leads to interpersonal tensions within the family or even deteriorate. Interfere with the active support of the principles of psychotherapy with drug treatment, to the greatest extent alleviate their pain, use of drugs should take into account the nature of the disease, the cause of the problem, and the patient's depression and anxiety symptoms. With cancer, for example, morphine can be used such as pain, depression with antidepressants, anxiety, treatment with the anti-anxiety drugs.
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