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李桂芝教授應邀來歷史文化學院講座

[日期:2019-07-03]
      2019年6月21日,中國蒙古史學會理事、中國民族史學會理事、中央民族大學歷史系教授、博士生導師李桂芝老師應邀來我院進行講座。

      shangwu,liguizhilaoshiyi《guanyuhanjianyuerhuangdi》weitiweiwomendailaileyichangjingcaidejiangzuo。jiangzuoweirao“hanjianyicichuxiandebeijing”、“shijingtangweishenmebuchiyudangerhuangdi”、“hualazimoyumengguzhanzhengdeqiyinyubeijing”sangebufenzhankai。shouxian,liguizhilaoshiyi“hanjianyicizuizaochuxianyuheshi”zheyiwentiweiyin,jifalezaizuogeweidesikao。zaijiangjiehanjianyicichuxiandebeijingshilizuyushiliao,zhanzaishidaidebeijingshangjiangshulehanjianyiciyukangrizhanzhengshiqichansheng,erlishishangdeshijingtangbeidingyiweihanjianshijishangshiyongjindaideguannianlaikanlishiwenti。zaijiangshu“shijingtangweishenmebuchiyudangerhuangdi”zheyiwentishi,liguizhilaoshizhanzaiwudaishiguodebeijingxia,zhichushijingtangzuoweishatuoguizu,zaibuzuzhishehui,yixueyuanweiniudai,yubuluoshoulingguanxizuiweimiqiedejiushizijidexueqin。suoyiqidanyuhoujinjieweifuzizhiguoduishijingtangeryanbingbushiyizhongwuru,fanergengxiangshiduishuangfangguanxidezhongshi。tongshi,houjinchengweiqidandeziguo,duishijingtangeryanyeshibaohuzijiguanxiafanweineiminzhongdeyizhongshouduan。shijingtangbingbuchiyudangerhuangdi。tongshi,liguizhilaoshiyi“chengjisihanxiangranghualazimochenger”zheyimingtiyinzhengleshoubuzuzhideyingxiang,chengwei“fuzi”guanxishiduiduifangdezhongshi,youliyucujinshuangfangguanxiyouhao,bingbushiyizhongwuruduifangdexingwei。youyongshizhongguidapoheqidanguanxidaozhiwangguodejieguoyinzhengshijingtangzhiqiansuojudezhongyaoyiyi。jiangzuoneirongcengcengdijin,huanhuanxiangkou,youshenruqianchu。jiangzuoyouliyanjiefuyuanchangzhuchi,xueyuanshifengchun、lixiaoliang、tangcaixialaoshidengcanjialejiangzuo。

      xiawu,liguizhilaoshiweiyanjiushengjiangshule《buzudeshiyi》zheyiwenti。jiangzuoweiraobuzuyicide“laiyuan”、“shiyi”、“buzudetezheng”yiji“shizu、buzu、buluodequbie”sigebufenzhankai。liguizhilaoshizhichu,buzuyicizuizaochanshengyuershishijiwushiniandai,shiyinweizaifanyimakesizhuyizhuzuoshiweiqufenminzuyicierchuxiande,dandui“buzu”dedingyibingbumingque。erguanyubuzudeshiyi,xuejiechuxianleliangzhongguandian,yishibuzushizutideleixingzhiyi,ershishijieshangzhicunzaishizu、buluoheminzusanzhongzutileixing。liguizhilaoshirenwei,xuejieduibuzudebutongshiyi,shiguanyushifoucunzai“buzu”zheyizutidezhenglun。liguizhilaoshizhichu,buzushicunzaide,《liaoshi·yingweizhi》buzutiaojiuyoumingquejizai,“buluoyuebu,shizuyuezu”。bingqiebuzuzheyishehuizuzhixingtai,yijingtuolileyuanshishehui,shizinulizhixiangfengjianzhiguodudeyigejieduan,taxingchengdejichujiushizaoqifenfengzhi。lilaoshihuanyijushijijizaiduibuzudetezhengjinxinglegaishu,zhichubuzuzuoweirenleishehuifazhandeyigejieduan,tayufenfengzhixiangshiying,gebudouyouyushoulinggonglaoxiangshiyingdefengdi;youyugebushilidecixiaobichang,buzujuyoubuwendingxing;buzuduoyibuzuhexinbuluomingchengweimingcheng;buzubuwanquanyixueyuanguanxiweiyituo,xueyuanguanxijincunzaiyushangceng;guizudahuiweizuigaojuecejigou,shoulingyouyidingderenqi;buluoweibuzudejicengzuzhidanwei,buluoshoulingzhanshilingdaozuozhan,pingshizuzhishengchan;junshizuzhiweishijinzhi,chengshudebuzuyouchangbeijundengdeng。zuihou,lilaoshiyoujiandanjieshaoleshizu、buzuheminzudechayi。liguizhilaoshiduibuzuzheyigainiandejiangjiejianmingeyao,shixueshengmenjiashenleduigudaizaoqishehuizuzhixingtaiderenshi,tongshiyeshiwomengengjiamingqueleshiliaoduiyulishiyanjiudezhongyaoxing。xiawudejiangzuoyoushifengchunlaoshizhuchi,lironghui、haiahu、lixiaolianglaoshiqingtinglejiangzuo。

      史學研究和解讀不斷深入,各種史學分析不斷出現。但任何史學研究必須充分立足史料,站在歷史時代的背景下,以唯物主義為指導,客觀看待歷史。李桂芝老師的講座深入本科課堂、研究生課堂,以老一輩學者嚴謹治學的態度,深刻準確的思考,為同學、老師們解讀歷史,達到了講座的目的。